A mysterious fresco and a hidden treasure: a legend inside the Zisa

Recently included in the Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale, the Zisa is a characteristic and old castle in Palermo with a mysterious fresco and a hidden treasure.
Also known as “Splendida” – meaning “gorgeous” – its construction as a royal summer residence was begun in 1165 by the Norman king William I of Sicily and completed, after ten years, by his son William II.
The fresco depicts some Olympian gods placed in spiral, better known as “the Devils”. There is Zeus in the middle surrounded by Poseidon, Hermes, Aphrodite, Ares and others. It creates an astonishing optical illusion that makes the devils impossible to be counted.
Look up to the roof, turn round while counting the devils: you will always obtain a different number!
According to the ancient tradition, the Devils protect a treasure made of golden coins hidden somewhere in the castle. It belongs to a couple of young lovers, Azel Comel and the beautiful El-Aziz who were hindering by the sultan of Lebanon, the father of the girl, opposing their love.
Azel Comel stole the whole treasure to the sultan and escaped with her love. After arriving in Palermo,
the young boy ordered to build a castle in which he hid the gold treasure.


However, when they heard that El-Aziz’s mother killed herself because of their behaviour, they put a spell on their gold treasure to be protected by the devils and died one after the other. The legend says that the one who finds the treasure will be able to finally count the exact number of the devils in the fresco and free Palermo from poverty.
Moreover, this myth has also produced a popular way of saying, so it is very common to hear “E chi su, li diavoli di la Zisa?” – meaning “What are they? The Zisa’s Devils?” – when something doesn’t add up.

Alessia Maranzano

Pictures: Bjs wikimedia.org & Miceli Vincenzo wikipedia.org

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *